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Archive for the ‘Sosial Politik’ Category

Breaking The Silence: Truth And Lies In The War On Terror [Full]

In Afghanistan, Amerika, Diplomasi, Ekonomi / Economy, Environment, Gas / Oil, History, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Military, Nuklear, Politik / Politic, Propaganda US, Sosial Politik, Technology, War, World on June 10, 2011 at 2:55 pm

Northern Iraq’s budding Chinatown

In China, Comodity, Ekonomi / Economy, Gas / Oil, Iraq, Policy, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik, World on February 16, 2011 at 2:17 am

As foreign investment increases in Iraqi Kurdistan, cultural boundaries are being broken.

  1. Ling, from Anhui province in eastern China, has been managing the shop there for about six months after responding to a newspaper advertisement by a Chinese firm.
  2. The Chinese market is in the newly opened Kawa Mall in Sulaimaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan’s second city. Chinese people, outlets and a restaurant dominate the top two floors, which are reserved for firms from the world’s second biggest economy, of the Kurdish-owned shopping centre.
  3. The majority of the approximately 500 Chinese in Sulaimaniyah, which has a municipal population of about 750,000, work in the mall. Chinese flags, lucky cats and paper lanterns make for an incongruous sight as locals in the widely pleated trousers, flayed suit jackets and turbans of Iraqi Kurdistan pass by.
  4. Foreign investment is increasing in Iraqi Kurdistan. More than half of the 1,170 foreign firms investing there are Turkish, working in areas such as construction. Multinational firms are monitoring development of the area’s 43.7 billion barrels of proven oil and 25.5 billion barrels of potential reserves.
  5. Funds from abroad are also making their way into retail in an attempt to exploit the consumer potential of the 4.7 million strong local population, of which more than half are under the age of 20.
  6. International investment surpassed $14bn from mid-2006 to September 2010, unconfirmed official sources have said.
  7. The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) is hoping the estimated 250,000 to 300,000 foreigners it has so far attracted to the region will help to enervate some of those deficiencies. Read the rest of this entry »

Turmoil in Egypt

In Egypt, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on February 1, 2011 at 2:19 pm
  1. At least a million gather in Cairo’s Tahrir Square as mass protests against President Mubarak are staged across country.
  2. About 1,000,000 people have gathered for the planned “march of a million” in the Egyptian capital, calling for Hosni Mubarak, the embattled Egyptian president, to step down.
  3. Eighth day of an uprising that has so far claimed more than 125 lives.
  4. Having lived under emergency rule since 1981, the people of Egypt finally rallied for liberty, and in the process braved the worst excesses of a police state.
  5. On that day alone, around 860 protesters were hounded by the much-feared secret police, arrested and beaten. Another three were killed. A number of foreign journalists also felt the full force of Egyptian “law”.
  6. As for the need to keep open all communications channels for protesters, reports quickly surfaced that the Egyptian authorities were blocking access to Facebook and Twitter
  7. US policy in the Middle East is naturally driven by ideology and self-interest.
  8. Egypt is the second largest recipient of US military and economic aid (after Israel) in the world, to the tune of some $1.5bn annually
  9. The people of Iran will most likely be following events as they unfold in Egypt with keen interest, whether on their satellite receivers or through Facebook and Twitter.
  10. As for the Egyptian people, time will tell whether they will break the shackles of despotism. One thing that is becoming clear to them, however, is this: The US government is proving to be no friend of theirs.

Source: Al Jazeera

Budget 2011 Highlight

In Budget, Ekonomi / Economy, Malaysia, Management / Pengurusan, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on October 15, 2010 at 12:31 pm
KUALA LUMPUR: Following are the highlights of 2011 Budget tabled by Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, who is also Finance Minister, at the Dewan Rakyat today:
* A mixed development project including affordable houses to be developed at a cost of RM10 billion in Sungai Buloh and is expected to be completed by 2025. 

* Another landmark project “Warisan Merdeka” which includes a 100-storey tower, the tallest in Malaysia, at a cost of RM5 billion to be completed by 2015.
* Development of large-scale integrated Aquaculture Zones in Pitas, Sungai Telaga and Sungai Padas in Sabah as well as Batang Ai and Tanjung Manis in Sarawak with an allocation of RM252 million.

* Allocation of RM135 million for basic infrastructure to encourage farmers participation in high value agriculture activities including swiftlet nests.

* Extension of income tax deduction incentive for investors and income tax exemption for companies undertaking food production activities until 2015.
* RM85 million to provide infrastructure facilities to facilitate construction of hotels and resorts in remote areas with the potential to attract tourists.

* RM50 million to construct several shaded walkways in the KLCC-Bukit Bintang vicinity.

* Development of world’s first integrated eco-nature resort at a cost of RM3 billion by Nexus Karambunai in Sabah to commence next year.
* Abolishing of import duty on 300 goods preferred by tourists and locals, at 5 to 30 per cent, to promote Malaysia as a shopping heaven in Asia.

* RM119 million for the development of local content creation, hosting local content and unlocking new channels for content.

* Exemption of sales tax on all types of mobile phones.

* RM850 million for infrastructure support to accelerate corridor and regional development.

* RM411 million for research, development and commercialisation activity to be the platform for enhancing value-added activities across economic sectors.

* Establishment of a Special Innovation Unit (UNIK) under the Prime Minister’s Department with an allocation of RM71 million for next year to commercialise R&D findings by universities and research institutions.

* RM200 million for the purchase of creative products such as high quality, locally-produced films, dramas and documentaries.

* Rate of service tax to be increased from five to six per cent.

* Service tax to be imposed on paid television broadcasting services.

* Strengthening the revenue collection system by increasing enforcement and audit as well as coverage on all parties that should be paying taxes.

* Restructuring and strengthening of education and training with the sum of RM29.3 billion allocated for Education Ministry, RM10.2 billion (Higher Education Ministry) and RM627 million (Human Resource Ministry).

* Establishment of Talent Corporation under the Prime Minister”s Office in early 2011 to develop an expert workforce database as well as collaborate closely with talent networks globally.

* For the Ministry of Education, a sum of RM6.4 billion is allocated for Development Expenditure to build and upgrade schools, hostels, facilities and equipment as well as uphold the status of the teaching profession.

* RM213 million is allocated to reward high performance schools as well as for the remuneration of Principals, Head Teachers and Excellent Teachers.

* The Government will increase pre-school enrolment rate to a targeted 72 per cent by end 2011 through additional 1,700 classes, strengthen the curriculum as well as appoint 800 pre-school graduate teachers.

* The Government also allocates RM111 million for PERMATA programme including the construction of the second phase of Sekolah PERMATA Pintar school complex, 32 PERMATA Children Centres (PAPN) and financing operations of 52 completed PAPNs.

* RM250 million allocated for Development Expenditure for religious schools, Chinese-type schools, Tamil national schools, missionary schools and Government-assisted schools nationwide.

* Recognising the importance of Islamic education, the Government will provide assistance per capita for primary and secondary rakyat religious schools with an allocation of RM95 million.

* To provide competent and quality teachers and instructors to better guide and educate students, the Government allocates RM576 million in the form of scholarships for those wishing to further their studies.

* RM213 million is allocated to enhance proficiency in Bahasa Malaysia, strengthen the English language as well as streamline the standard curriculum for primary schools.

* The Government will recruit 375 native-speaking teachers including from the United Kingdom and Australia to further enhance teaching of English.

* The number of PhD qualified academic staff will be increased to 75 per cent in research universities and to 60 per cent in other public institutions of higher learning with an allocation of RM20 million.

* Excise duty exemption be increased from 50 per cent to 100 per cent on national vehicles purchased by the disable.

* Existing tax relief of up to a maximum of RM5,000 be extended to cover other expenses such as day care centre, cost incurred to employ caretakers for parents and other daily needs such as diapers.

* Stamp duty exemption of 50 per cent be given on loan agreement instruments to finance first-time purchase of houses.

* Full import duty and 50 per cent excise duty exemption was granted to franchise holders of hybrid cars.

* Implementation of 1Malaysia Training Programme by Community Colleges, National Youth Training Institutes, Giat Mara and Industrial Training Institutes to commence in January 2011 with an allocation of RM500 million.

* The establishment of National Wage Consultation Council as the main platform for wage determination.

* The establishment of 1Malaysia Youth Fund with an allocation of RM20 million.

* Monthly allowance for KAFA teachers will be increased to RM800 compared with RM500 currently.

* Increase in monthly allowance for the Chairman of JKKK and JKKP, Tok Batin, Chairman of JKKK Orang Asli and Chairman of Kampung Baru to RM800 compared with RM450 currently.

* Increase in meeting attending allowance to all comittee members from RM30 to RM50.

* Special Financial Assistance amounting to RM500 to be provided to all civil servants from Grade 54 and below, including contract officers and retirees.

* The abolishment of the Competency Level Assessment or PTK to be replaced with a more suitable evaluation system by June 2011.

* Extension of services of Pegawai Khidmat Singkat for an additional period of one year from December 2010.

* Raising the amount of loan from RM10,000 to RM20,000 for additional works on low-cost houses for Support Group Two.

* Raising the maximum loan eligibility to RM450,000 compared with RM360,000 currently, effective January 1, 2011.

* Increasing the rate for Funeral Arrangement Assistance to RM3,000.

* Allowing flexibility to self-determine fully-paid maternity leave not exceeding 90 days from the current 60 days subject to a total of 300 days of maternity leave throughout the tenure of service.

Source: NST

Read more: Budget 2011 highlights http://www.nst.com.my/nst/articles/Budget2011highlights/Article/#ixzz12QhvqZKw

Getah Sekerap (Dialek Kedah)

In Comodity, History, Malaysia, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on October 8, 2010 at 5:25 pm

Ia bermula 2000 tahun dahulu oleh Puak Mayan di Hutan Amazon apabila mereka mula melantunkan bola pertama yang diperbuat daripada  getah. Ketika era pelayaran Christopher Columbus serta pengikutnya ke Benua Amerika Latin ketika itu telah menemui pokok getah dan mereka telah melaporkan penemuan tersebut. Mereka hanya mengatakan “bouncing balls and boots”.

Pada tahun 1735, Penjelajah Perancis iaitu Charles-Marie de La Condamine telah ke Brazil dan telah ditunjukkan kepadanya bagaimana mereka mengumpul susu getah (milky white latex sap) dari pokok Hevea brasiliensis dengan cara mengoyak kulit pokok tersebut. Pribumi pada ketika itu menggunakan getah tesebut untuk merekabentuk bola dan mengikat batu pada sebatang kayu untuk dijadikan kapak.

Getah ini dibawa balik ke Eropah dan pada awal kegunaanya adalah untuk dijadikan pemadan (dengan paggilan RUBBER) dan terma ini masih lagi digunkan sehingga kini. Getah pada awal penemuannya adalah tidak sempurna, ia melekit, lembut, berbau dan reput bila ia panas dank eras bila sejuk.

Pada tahun 1839, Charles Goodyear yang merupakan pedagang muflis mencipta proses “Vulcanisation” iaitu proses yang menggunakan haba. Lead putih dan sulfur ditambah kepada getah mentah dan dipanaskan. Hasilnya, getah tersebut kenyal, kuat, kalis air dan tahan lama.

Pada tahun 1888, John Boyd Dunlop telah mencipta tayar getah yang lebih senyap dan memberi keselesaan kepada kenderaan. Hasilnya menberi revolusi baru dalam industry pengangkutan dan kenderaan. Akibat pelbagai kegunaan dan kehebatan getah, pemintaan serta penawaran meningkat  mendadak. Penawaran getah meningkat dari 2,500 tan kepada 20,000 tan antara tahun 1851 dan 1881.

Hasil permintaan yang tinggi, Brazil pada ketika itu tidak mampu untuk menawarkan keperluan dunia yang semakin mendesak. Justeru, Henry Wickham telah menghantar 70,000 benih pokok getah dari Santarem, Brazil ke London’s Kew Garden. Hanya 2,000 benih yang hidup dalam rumah kaca tersebut dan ia memadai untuk tujuan penyelidikan. British yang ketika itu mempunyai tanah jajahan yang luas dinegara-negara Asia, telah mengambil keputusan untuk  membawanya ke Singapore’s  Botanic Garden dan ditakbir oleh Henry Ridley.

Pada 1909, lebih dari 40 juta benih pokok getah telah dibawa ke Malaya (Malaysia) dan ditanam secara meluas. Setahun kemudian, lebih dari 300,000 ribu hektar tanah dia Asia ditanam dengan getah. Hasil kekayaan negara Asia dibolot habis oleh Penjajah Barat. Namun, ia juga memberi nafas baru kepada negara Asia untuk menggunakan tinggalan tersebut untuk menguasai pasaran getah dunia.

Ketika Perang Dunia Kedua, Jerman pada ketika itu tidak dapat megimport getah secukupnya hasil dari sekatan dan gangguan laluan perkapalan akibat perang. Justeru, Getah Sintetik diperkenalkan oleh Saintis Perancis Georges Bouchardat pada tahun 1875. Nazi Jerman menghasilkan 100,000 tan getah sintetik setahun manakala Amerika Syarikat menghasilkan 800,000 tan getah sintetik setahun. Pada hari ini, 10 juta tan getah asli dan 12 juta tan getah sintetik dihasilkan setahun.

 

Ulasan: SZM

Sumber: Discovery Channel Magazine, June/July 2010.

Buku : Ahmadinejad : Singa Baru Dunia Islam

In Iran, Management / Pengurusan, Military, Nuklear, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik, World on October 2, 2010 at 6:39 pm

Buku ini mengisahkan mengenai sejarah Iran, Pemerintahan Iran, Ketenteraan, Individu berpegaruh, Revolusi Iran, Islam, Politik dan Isu-isu berkaitan Iran.

Ditulis oleh Muhsin Labib, Ibrahim Muharam, Musa Kazhim dan Akfian Hamzah.

Melayu : Rupa Bangsa Rakyat Semenanjung

In Bangsa, History, Malaysia, Melayu, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on October 1, 2010 at 1:44 pm

Menurut buku penulisan Syed Husin Ali, selepas Perang Dunia II pemimpin seperti Dr. Burhanuddin serta Tan Cheng Lock menyarankan supaya rupa bentuk bangsa untuk semua penduduk di Semenanjung dinamakan “Melayu” saja. Faktor yang menyebabkan saranan ini tidak mendapat tempat kerana gerakkan politik mereka tidak mendapat kuasa.

Setelah Persekutuan Tanah Melayu berjaya ditubuhkan pada 1948, istilah “Malayan” diguna pakai sebagai rupa bangsa ketika itu. Walaupun istilah tersebut digunakan sebagai merujuk kepada  Bangsa Malaya ketika itu sedikit pun tidak berjaya. Hal ini kerana, Melayu, Cina, India dan lain-lain bangsa merupakan entiti yang berbeza. Pekara ini tidak akan menjadi realiti jika setiap borang yang kita isi seperti borang di jabatan kerajaan mahupun swasta masih lagi merujuk “Bangsa” diruang [Race], kenapa tidak diletakkan “Keturunan” .

Apabila Malaysia dibentuk dan istilah tersebut jugak berubah menjadi “Malaysian” tetapi ia lebih merujuk kepada warganegara Malaysia bukan merujuk kepada Bangsa Malaysia seperti sepatunya. Mungkin penduduk Malaysia masih belum memahami kepentingan penakrifan ini. Adalah lebih baik ia dirujuk dengan istilah “Bangsa Malaysia” dan kesan penakrifan ini penting dalam menanam jati diri terhadap bangsa dan negara. Namun, penakrifan ini masih tidak menampakkan sebarang hasil yang ketara kerana penduduk masih merujuk diri mereka sebagai bangsa Melayu, Bangsa Cina, Bangsa India, dan lain-lain.

Melalui pemerhatian, pembentukan sesebuah bangsa didunia memerlukan jangka masa yang lama dan usaha yang jitu dari segenap sudut. Malaysia yang mempunyai pelbagai kaum semestinya memerlukan masa yang lebih panjang untuk memberi ruang kepada setiap kaum membuyka minda dan menerima konsep Bangsa Malaysia.

Menurut Syed Husin Ali, adalah lebih sesuai jika kumpulan Melayu, Cina dan India itu tidak disebut sebagai bangsa atau bangsa-bangsa kecil tetapi dirujuk sebagai kumpulan kaum atau etnik sahaja.

Ulasan : SZM

Sumber:

Syed Husin Ali. (2008). Orang Melayu: Masalah dan masa depan. Kuala Lumpur: Harakah

Bangsa Melayu : Sosial dan Budaya

In Bangsa, Indoneisa, Malaysia, Melayu, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on September 30, 2010 at 11:46 am

Dari segi perspektif sosial dan budaya bangsa Melayu adalah amat luas. BangsaMelayu tidak hanya terbatas kepada penduduk yang bermastautin di Semejanjung sahaja bahkan meliputi Gugusan Kepulauan Melayu atau Nusantara serta ratusan pulau-pulau yang membentuk negara-negara seperti Indonesia dan Filipina ketika ini.

Hasil dari kedudukan yang berselerak ini, maka wujudlah pecahan suku bangsa dlm Melayu. Pecahan ini juga menghasilkan pelbagai bahasa dan loghat pertuturan dalam kegiatan harian. Oleh yang demikian, jika dilihat dari sudut pecahan kepada suku-suku kaum dan kawasan, ia secara langsung menunjukkan bahawa keturunan Melayu ini adalah antara kelompok bangsa yang besar di dunia.

Pepecahan  ini dimangkin pula oleh kedatangan  penjajah dari Barat yang mula melakukan pensempadanan politik dan wujudnya sempadan politik ini telah memisahkan orang-orang keturunan Melayu di Nusantara ini ke dalam lingkungan negeri berasingan.

Penjajah Barat seperti Sepanyol telah mengusai pulau-pulau yang kini negara Filipina, Belanda pula menguasai kepulauan yang kini Indonesia dan British menjajah dan mengusai negeri-negeri Melayu yang kini dipanggil Malaysia (termasuk Sabah & Sarawak).

Hasil pensempadanan politik ini telah mewujudkan bangsa yang baru iaitu Melayu Filipina dipanggil orang Filipina, keturunan Melayu Indonesia dipanggil orang Indonesia. Pepecahan ini telah sedikit sebanyak melupakan orang-orang keturunan Melayu itu tentang sejarah keturunan mereka dan apabila tali persaudaraan ini dipisahkan secara teliti oleh penjajah, maka dengan mudahnya penjajah menguasai tanah-tanah di Nusantara pada ketika itu dan pada ketika ini juga hubungan antara negara (Keturunan Melayu) menjadi sesuatu yang asing. Iaitu speperti tidak ada kaitan pada masa silam dari segi ketuturunan.

Rumusan: SZM 2010

Sumber:

Syed Husin Ali. (2008). Orang Melayu: Masalah dan masa depan. Kuala Lumpur: Harakah

Siapakah Orang Melayu?

In Bangsa, Malaysia, Management / Pengurusan, Melayu, Politik / Politic, Sosial Politik on September 29, 2010 at 2:02 pm

Siapakah orang Melayu atau Bangsa Melayu? Orang Melayu pada ketika ini lebih merujuk kepada penduduk Malaysia yang berkulit sawo matang, berbadan sederhana besar, lemah lembut dan berbudi bahasa. Dan yang penting, mereka ini beragama Islam. Itu yang dilihat ketika ini sebagai Orang Melayu. Orang Melayu ini merupakan pendatang awal di Semenanjung dan bercampur dengan pendatang-pendatang yang dibawa masuk oleh Orang Inggeris dan kini bilangan Melayu ini merupakan majoriti [lebih sedikit] diMalaysia.

Bancian pada tahun, 1970, menunjukkan 4.8 juta adalah terdiri dari Melayu dari keseluruhan penduduk Malaysia pada ketika itu 8.8 juta. Baki tersebut adalah penduduk Cina (35.4%) , India (10.6%) dan lain-lain (0.8%). Statistik pada 2006 menujukkan Melayu (54%). Cina (25%), Bumiputera bukan Melayu (11.8%), India (7.5%) dan lain-lain (1.7%). Pada 2006, jumlah rakyat Malaysia adalah 26.64 juta orang.

Sumber:

Syed Husin Ali. (2008). Orang Melayu: Masalah dan masa depan. Kuala Lumpur: Harakah

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